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The Symptoms and the Disease  

1. The Symptoms (Click Here)
2. The Acute Disease (Click Here)
3. The Chronic Hepatitis B Carriers (Click Here)
4. Complications from Chronic Carriage (Click Here)
5. Agents which cause Hepatitis (Click Here)
6. The Liver Function Test (LFT) (Click Here)

1. The Symptoms of an Infection:

2. The Acute Disease:

3. The Chronic Hepatitis B Carriers:

4. Complications from Chronic Carriage:

1.  Cirrhosis (Click Here)
2. Primary Liver Cancer (Click Here)
3. Symptoms of Primary Liver Cancer (Click Here)

1. Cirrhosis of the Liver:

2. Primary Liver Cancer (PLC):

3. Symptoms of Primary Liver Cancer:

5. Some of the Agents which cause Hepatitis:

6. The Liver Function Test (LFT):

Test Normal values
Bilirubin (Total) Up to 1.5 mg/dl
g-Glutamyl Transpeptidase (g-GT) Males: 9-50 , Females 8-40 u/l
Alkaline Phosphatase 36-120 u/l
Aspartate Amino-Transferase (AST) 16-40 u/l
Alanine Amino-Transferase (ALT) 8-54 u/l
Total Protein 6.6-8.7 g/dl
Albumin 3.7-5.2 g/dl
Globulin 2.5-3.9 g/dl
Alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) Up to 15 ng/ml

  The typical blood test for hepatitis B screening would involve testing for:

C.J.Oon, 1995, Viral hepatitis from A to F
C.J.Oon, Hepatitis B:  clinical features and prospects for elimination
C.J.Oon, 1991, Landmarks in the prevention and treatment of hepatitis B virus infection
C.J.Oon, 1986, Prevention and control of primary liver cancer
C.J,Oon, 1987, Primary liver cancer: prospects for prevention and elimination
El-Fadil E Omer, 1995, Clinical significance of markers of hepatitis B
Paul Miskovitz, 1996, Overview of viral hepatitis
Howard J. Worman, Cirrhosis
Robert's HBV Page
InsideMEDICINE Report
Public information pamphlet by SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals

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